One hundred and fifty children between the ages of 5 and 14 years in the world, are engaged in child labor. The estimate UNICEF on the occasion of World Day Against Child Labour on June 12 which is celebrated tomorrow.
Of the 115 million children between the ages of 5 and 17 years employed in the worst forms of child labor, such as those involving heavy loads, contact with chemicals and a long working hours, 60% are employed in agriculture and the 7% in industry and 26% in services.
Sub-Saharan Africa more than a third of children working. “Child labor is both a cause and consequence of poverty and social problems,” said James Guerrera, President of UNICEF Italy. “In developing countries – he added – many children are forced to work because they are orphaned or separated from their families, or because they have to support the family income. The global financial crisis has further pushed the children to start early to work, especially towards forms of work more dangerous.
And for girls, the situation is even more serious, because in addition to work, they have to take care of household chores and caring for younger siblings, giving up the school. If it is true that poverty is the seed of the problem, we must intervene to break the vicious circle of poverty-child labor-ignorance-poverty. “Against Child Labour, UNICEF concentrates its efforts on education, judged the best weapon to ward off the specter of an ignorance that is in the first place not aware of their rights and of their own potential, and the dissemination of the culture of Corporate Social Responsibility. For UNICEF, the “Corporate Social Responsibility is to protect the rights of children clutching so effective partnerships with governments as with businesses in order to promote the one hand the responsibility of States to ensure that the other companies to respect and uphold the rights of children in the workplace, in the marketplace and in the community.